Tribulation & Daniel’s 70 Weeks


trib·u·la·tion (trĭb’yə-lā’shən) n.
: distress or suffering resulting from oppression or persecution ; also : a trying experience [merriam webster]
The tribulation is the final phase of this world. Referred to in the Bible as the Great Tribulation or the Time of Jacob’s Trouble. It will be during this time that the final antichrist (Satan in human form) rules the earth. It will be a time of great suffering for many but, if the right path is chosen it will all be well worth it in the end whenJesus comes again to destroy sin and evil forever and begin His eternal reign as King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Wiping away tears and pain from all those that believe in Him, love Him, and keep His commandments. They will reign with Christ for all eternity. If the wrong path is chosen, those people will be thrown into the “lake of fire” on Judgment Day.

The duration of the tribulation is of much debate. It comes from Daniel 9:27 “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” In prophecy time a week is equal to seven years. This passage is believed by many to be about the last seven years of this world and that the final antichrist will confirm a peace treaty for seven years with Israel and break his promise in the middle of the seven years. This is when the actual Great Tribulation beigns. The antichrist will take seat in the Temple of God and say he himself is the one true God. Anyone that does not worship him will be killed. He will enforce a new economy (mark of the beast) and accepting this new law will show loyalty to him as being the one true God. Therefore, anyone who does not take this mark will not be able to buy, sell, hold a job, pay bills, or anything else that requires monetary means and they will face much persecution. Daniel and Revelation have a lot of information about the final antichrist.
Another belief is that the final week was fulfilled in 36AD. The first half ended when Jesus died on the cross and the last half ended when Saul became Paul and began preaching to the gentiles. This is believed because the 70 weeks of Daniel pertained to the Jews who didn’t accept Jesus as the Messiah. Then the teaching passed on to the gentiles, ending the prophecy for the Jews. And yet another is that half the seven years have been fulfilled when Jesus died on the cross and all that remains are three and a half years, which is the Great Tribulation and is the time frame given in many passages of the Bible.
Which is more accurate? First let’s take a look at Daniel 9. Daniel prayed to have the Temple rebuilt after it had been destroyed by the Babylonians. The angel Gabriel came to Daniel and told him of things to come. This is what Gabriel said:
Daniel 9:24Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Verse 24 says the prophecy is for Daniel’s people, the Jews, and Jerusalem, the holy city. Seventy weeks had been determined. In this prophecy a day equals a year and a week equals seven years. So, seventy weeks is 70 x 7. Which is 490 years total. What will happen during this 490 total years? Finish the transgression, make an end of sins, make a reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
What does all this mean? Well, let’s break it down a bit.Trangression means a violation of the law or being rebellious. Finish the Trangression means to end the rebellion. Make an end of sins. We all know what sins are. Reconciliation for iniquity means being forgiven of unrighteousness. Everlasting righteousness means sin free forever. Seal up the vision and prophecy means to close or finish the vision and prophecy. Anoint the most Holy means to crown the most Holy and give the kingdom to. All of this is to happen within the 490 year span. As we look around us we can see not all of this has happened. Therefore, this prophecy is not totally complete or fulfilled, yet. This rules out the belief that this prophecy was fulfilled through Paul preaching to the gentiles.
Next, Verse 25 begins a break down of the years and what will happen during each phase. The command to rebuild Jerusalem until Jesus was 7 weeks (7×7=49 years), and 62 weeks (62×7=434 years). Total of 483 years from the ok to rebuild until Jesus is known as the Messiah. This is saying that from the ok to rebuild it will be 49 years to rebuild Jerusalem and then 434 years later the Messiah will be known. The ok was given to Nehemiah by King Artaxerxes I in 456 BC. 483 years later brings us to 27 AD, when Jesus was baptized and began His ministry and His disciples recognized Him as the Messiah. Notice how this is written. It has a colon “:”. It’s followed by a description that deals with something already mentioned in the same verse. This description does not pertain to the next verse. Only when the colon is at the end of the passage does the next verse refer to it. Keep this in mind as scripture interprets scripture throughout the whole Bible and this chapter is no different.
Verse 26 says AFTER 62 weeks Messiah shall be cut off. Now, week 62 is when Messiah is known, not cut off. So, Messiah is cut off sometime AFTER week 62. Seven weeks to rebuild plus 62 weeks until Messiah is known equals 69 weeks so far. Messiah is known at week 69 out of the 70 weeks and so He is then cut off after week 69. There is only one week left so Messiah must be cut off at this time. He will not be cut off for Himself. This means He was cut off for someone else. Jesus was cut off, or killed, for our sins. He died for us at week 62 1/2 which is after week 62 or in total weeks it was week 69 1/2 (this is including the previous 7 weeks to rebuild). Here we see the colon “:” again. This means it’s a description of something within the same verse. Therefore, this description must have something to do with the Messiah being cut off. This description is about the sanctuary and city being destroyed. Remember why Solomon’s Temple was destroyed? The Lord brought forth the Babylonians because Israel was not following God’s laws. This time the Lord brought forth Titus, an army commander and the prince of Emperor Vespasian, to destroy the city because again they were not following God’s law. They did not welcome their Messiah. They had Him killed. The end was with a flood, or spreading out of the Jews. Unto the end of the war desolations are determined, meaning devastation, ruin, wretchedness and misery. Which was the case in the 70 AD Siege of Jerusalem when Titus (the prince) and his army (people) burned down the Temple and city. As with the verse before, this description is not about the next verse.
Verse 27 Notice how verse 25 and 26 mention the Messiah before the colon “:”? If we were to take out the colons and the description following it, we can see this whole prophecy is about the Messiah. It would fall together in order with no confusion. Verse 27 is about the Messiah just like the verses before. Scripture interprets scripture. God does not jump from one subject to the next. The Lord is very consistant. Verse 27 says “he will confirm “THE” covenant for one week” (the last week of the 70 weeks). This is not “A” covenant as many would like to call it. A covenant means a promise [merriam webster]. What promise did Jesus speak of during His ministry? He promised to return. For 3 1/2 years Jesus ministered as the Messiah. He taught of the Kingdom and His return. Then He was crucified, cut off. Half of seven is 3 1/2. We see the colon again so this description has to do with something in the same verse. In the midst of the week he shall cause the the sacrifice and the oblation to cease. Jesus was the final sacrifice. That law ceased when He was crucified. The next part of this verse reads, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate“. An abomination is an action, thought, or practice that is disgusting to the Lord. Desolate means joyless, disconsolate, and sorrowful through or as if through separation from a loved one [merriam webster]. This is how Jerusalem feels without their Temple. They haven’t had it since 70 AD. They shall feel this way even unto the consummation, meaning the fulfillment or the end [merriam webster]. The end has been determined by God.
The description in verse 27 is showing what is happening since the Messiah was cut off in the midst of the week. We are still in the midst of the week. Throughout this whole prophecy the years, or weeks, are not split up until the midst of the 69th week. We still have the other half to go. The final 3 1/2 years. The consummation. Mentioned in Revelation when the antichrist is given control. The Tribulation can not be 7 years if the first 3 1/2 years are peaceful. That would be a contradiction. Something the Lord would not do. If the Tribulation lasting a specific 7 years was indeed a fact, it would be mentioned elsewhere in the bible just as 3 1/2 years is spread throughout Daniel and Revelation concerning the final days.
Many people are not following the rules of scripture and allowing God to help them understand. Instead they take man’s word for truth. Only God can give the wisdom to understand His word.
James 1:5
If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.

During the tribulation the antichrist will bring about the mark of the beast which no one will be able to buy or sell without it, he will sit in the temple of God and claim to be the one true God. He will have all those that oppose him, and his laws, to be tortured and killed. Natural disasters will be world wide, strong, and frequent. Two witnesses will prophecy for the whole three and a half years of the tribulation. At the end of the three and half years they will be killed and lay in the streets for 3 1/2 days. After 3 1/2 days, they will rise to met Jesus with the rest of the dead in Christ. And then the rapture of the living happens. Afterwards begins the wrath of God.

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8 thoughts on “Tribulation & Daniel’s 70 Weeks

  1. The fundamental foundation of the pretrib view… it is found in the time of Jacob’s trouble. This concept sets the setting for the dispensational belief of separation between Israel and the church, and thus the separation of rapture from the second coming. Because the time of Jacob’s trouble is unlike any other, it pinpoints a time in Israel’s history. Naturally the worst case scenario for the world is at the time of the great tribulation, and it is ASSUMED that this is true for Israel as well. However, Scripture show differently.

    Two provisions concerning the time of Jacob’s trouble prove that this time is NOT the great tribulation. The two chapter prophesy in Jeremiah (30,31) shows that, 1) it is the worse time ever of Israel (jer. 30:7), and 2) it causes Israel to be scattered to the end of the earth (Jer. 30,10,11, 31:8). Isaiah tells us that after Israel is gathered from the ends of the earth she will never be scattered again. Israelites were scattered and killed in 70 AD to what historians estimate an extent of 60% (paralleling Zech 13:7-9):, and later totally eradicated from Jerusalem by 162 AD. She was later gathered in 1948 to become a nation. Interesting that it is estimated that 6 million Jews were killed on the onset of this scattering by the Romans, and 6 million Jews were killed at the end by Hitler and the Germans right before they were gathered. This undeniable time of scattering to the end of the earth was indeed the worst case scenario for Israel. This post does a great job pointing out the brighter future and return of the Messiah concerning Israels future.

    When the Messiah returns and touches down in Israel. Israel will be occupied by Jews. Yes there will be captivity (not scattering) and division in Jerusalem… Zech. 14:2, but not to the extent that happened in the Roman occupation…. Zech. 13:7-9.

    The scattering of Israel only happened once in Israel’s history and will never happen again. The time of Jacob’s trouble is not about the great tribulation, but rather 70 AD. through 1948 AD. This further show that Matt. 24:21 if it is speaking directly of Israel and not worldwide, then it too speaks of 70 AD. Which by the why the disciples asked specifically concerning the destruction of the temple, “When will these things be?”… Matt. 24:3. If you do not see that the abomination of desolation answers this specific question of the disciples concerning 70 AD, then you must realize that you are suggesting that Jesus ‘blew off’ this specific question that the disciples asked and He did not answer them this question. The abomination of desolation is not mentioned in the rest of the New Testament, and it does not refer to the time of the end. Titus fulfilled this prophesy as well as the ending of the daily sacrifices and left Jerusalem and the temple desolate. The fact that the daily sacrifices ended and should be as sign to all who attempt to suggest that the seventh week is futuristic. Daniel was not the first to use the term “week”. Enoch who is believed to be the first to utilize the written language and referenced by Jude in the New Testament used this term many times. Never did it refer to a seven year period. But if it is 7 years, it is interesting to note that in 3.5 years of Titus conquest (66 to 70 AD) to end the Jewish uprising, the temple was destroyed thus fulfilling Daniel 9:27.

    The separation of Israel and the church is a fabrication. The apostles taught that we are graphed in and that the walls of separation have been brought down… Eph 2:11+. The separation doctrine of dispensationalism is founded in a lie that the great tribulation is for Israel, because of the term “Jacob”

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    • Matthew 24:1-3 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to shew him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?

      The disciples asked Jesus when the stones of the temple will no longer stand one upon another AND what the signs of Jesus’s coming and the end of the world would be. They clearly understood that Jesus was speaking of the end and His return when He spoke of the temple stones being thrown down. Jesus hasn’t yet returned and there are temple stones one upon another still today. Jesus wasn’t speaking of 70AD when He spoke about these stones. Revelation may not say “abomination of desolation” in those words but it does speak of the same act as does 2 Thessalonians 2. Jesus didn’t “blow off” any question. He answered them perfectly. All of Matthew 24 refers to the time of the end.

      Just wondering, Are you a 7th day adventist or a Jehovah witness?

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      • You must be referring to the Western Wall, or “wailing wall.” It is a remnant of the ancient wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple’s courtyard, and was not part of the temple itself. Not a single stone that comprised the temple is left upon itself today, unless it was used in building another structure.

        The actual stones that built the temple were removed to obtain the gold that melted between them when the temple burned when Titus ended the Jewish uprising for Rome. The prophesy was fulfilled in 70 AD. The temple and Jerusalem was decimated and the daily sacrifices were ended.

        You state: Finish the Transgression means to end the rebellion. Make an end of sins. We all know what sins are. Reconciliation for iniquity means being forgiven of unrighteousness. Everlasting righteousness means sin free forever. Seal up the vision and prophecy means to close or finish the vision and prophecy. Anoint the most Holy means to crown the most Holy and give the kingdom to. This has nothing to do with Paul preaching to the gentiles.

        Truth: Jesus made an end to sins, brought reconciliation for iniquity, Everlasting righteousness, and totally fulfilled the prophesy in Himself. He, stated concerning being anointed, in Luke 4:18-21 that “…this day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.” The anointing is different than your assumption… “means to crown the most Holy and give the kingdom to.” Every point made here in Daniel 9:24-27 is addressed in the New Testament concerning Jesus. Old things have passed away, behold all things have been made new. Jesus fulfilled every point! 1 John addresses many of them. Unfortunately, Israel as a whole missed their Messiah…they too misinterpreted Him concerning His coming. They didn’t have the New Testament, but Daniel 9 as well as the other prophets. It is because they confused the two comings of the Messiah. First as the Lamb, then as the Lion. Don’t make the same mistake they did.

        You state that Revelation and 2 Thessalonians 2 refer to the abomination of desolation, but that is an assumption.

        This is not my opinion… these are the facts. It’s called truth.

        (Concerning your stab, “Just wondering, are you 7th day adventist or a Jehovah witness?”

        Opinion, assumption, and conjecture is ALL the pretrib doctrine has to stand upon. Whether it be concerning Daniel’s 70 weeks or Jacob’s trouble. There is absolutely no backbone for the pretrib view when it comes to truth. I would dare you to come up with just one piece of truth to support it, that is not opinion, assumption, or conjecture or founded upon that. I know you cannot. All that can be offered in it’s place is anger and resentment.

        If, however, you actually possess the confidence in the doctrine you support, you attitude would be one that would come along side and show a better way. For I have not attacked you, but rather presented the truth. If the truth hurts, that’s it’s nature. However, if you know a better way, you should be unmoved, but confident, and able to redirect by the Word of God and rightly dividing it. )

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      • Do you think I am a “pretrib” believer? If so, now you are sadly assuming.

        I simply asked the question because I find it fascinating what others believe and those two religions believe the same thing concerning Daniel’s prophecy. You can not hurt me with your beliefs nor do I feel you are “attacking” me. I must ask another question though, do you believe Jesus is returning to restitute all things?

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      • No, I am not assuming that you are a pretribber, in fact I re-reviewed your post to check… However, it is very clear that you have bought into foundational pretrib teaching that is founded in dispensational doctrine. Such as the 70th week and the time of Jacob’s trouble. Both of these issues foundational belief that attempt to affix separation between Israel and the church, and the rapture and the second coming. These foundational beliefs are not grounded in the Word, but built upon themselves, precept upon precept until the pretrib doctrine is complete. To hold the 70th week doctrine or the time of Jacob’s trouble as futuristic is to view prophesy through the lens of the well established prettrib doctrine.

        Absolutely, Jesus is coming with all of his saints that have risen first (the dead in Christ will rise first) for His bride who has made herself ready on Earth 1 Thess. 3:12,13. We will then rule and reign with Christ for a 1000 years with a new heaven and a new earth.

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      • I don’t believe in any separation between Israel and “the church”. Why would God treat us differently when gentiles were “adopted” by God and we both share the same inheritance.

        And, a pretrib belief is that there is a 7 year time frame for the future. I do not believe that. I believe in a 3 1/2 year, or 42 months if you will, time frame. I do not hold a pretrib belief concerning Daniel.

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      • But you believe that the time of Jacob’s trouble is futuristic? As well as the 2nd half of the 70th week?

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  2. I believe in a 3 1/2 year time frame in the future that will be extremely difficult for all nations and yes, I believe it is tied into the last half of the “70 weeks” in Daniel’s prophecy, like this blog states.

    As for the “time of Jacob’s trouble”, I now understand why you have latched onto that from my post. First off, I mentioned it because that is how many christians view the great tribulation. Sometimes you have use the same wording as others in order for them to understand where you are coming from. With that said, I believe in a time of trouble for the future as Daniel 12 prophesied.

    I think we share a lot of the same beliefs, other than the timeline of Daniel’s 70 weeks, and I think we can agree to disagree on that point. It is far too easy for miscommunication to happen on the internet. I love your passion, though. We can learn a lot from each other.

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