Approx Timeline of the lineage of Jesus Christ and history of the Hebrews.
(See 1 Chronicles for other lineages)
Green areas are history book fact
4325 BC : Creation; Adam & Eve [Gen 1-2]
4324 BC : First sin committed. Adam & Eve expelled from Eden. [Gen 3:1-24]
4304 BC : Cain kills Abel (First murder); Cain goes to the land of Nod & builds a city named Enoch after his son. [Gen 4: 8-17]
4194 BC : Seth born to Adam at the age of 130. [Gen 4:26; 5:3-4]
4089 BC : Enosh was born to Seth at the age of 105. [Gen 5:6]
3999 BC : Cainan was born to Enosh at the age of 90. [Gen 5:9]
3929 BC : Mahalaleel was born to Cainaan at the age of 70. [Gen 5:12]
3864 BC : Jared was born to Mahalaleel at the age of 65. [Gen 5:15]
3702 BC : Enoch was born to Jared at the age of 162. [Gen 5:18]
3637 BC : Methuselah was born to Enoch at the age of 65. [Gen 5:21]
3450 BC : Lamech was born to Methuselah at the age of 187. [Gen 5:25]
3337 BC : Enoch died. [Gen 5:24]
3268 BC : Noah born to Lamech at the age of 182. [Gen 5:28]
2788 BC : Sons of God & daughters of men corrupted earth. [Gen 6:2-5]
2765 BC : Shem born to Noah at the age of 503. [Gen 5:32]
2668 BC : Ark built; Flood begins in the 600th year of Noah’s life. [Gen 7:11-23]
2667 BC : Flood ends; Noah & family left Ark. [Gen 8-17]
2665 BC : Arphaxad born to Shem at the age of 100, two years after the Flood. [Gen 11:10]
2630 BC : Salah born to Arphaxad at the age of 35. [Gen 11:12]
2600 BC : Eber born to Salah at the age of 30. [Gen 11:14]
2566 BC : Peleg born to Eber at the age of 34. The earth was divided in his day. [Gen 11:16; 1 Chr 1:19]; Tower of Babel [Gen 11:1-9]
It is believed by science that the earth was one super continent that divided and drifted apart. They call this super continent “Pangea”.
2536 BC : Reu born to Peleg at the age of 30. [Gen 11:20]
2504 BC : Serug born to Reu at the age of 32. [Gen 11:20]
2474 BC : Nahor born to Serug at the age of 30. [Gen 11:22]
2445 BC : Terah born to Nahol I at the age of 29. [Gen 11:24]
2315 BC : Abram born to Terah at the age of 130. [Gen 11:32; 12:4; Acts 7:4]
2240 BC : “Abrahamic Covenant” The Lord promised Abram new land to live in and many descendents. [Gen 12:4]
2228 BC : God promises Abram an heir. [Gen 15:4-6; Rom 4:3-25] The Lord also told Abram that his descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them 400 years. But in the 4th generation they shall return to their land. [Gen 15:13-16]
2216 BC : God changes Abram’s name to Abraham [Gen 17:1-21]; Sodom & Gomorrah destroyed [Gen 19]
2215 BC : Isaac born to Abram at the age of 100. [Gen 21:5]
2155 BC : Jacob & Esau born to Isaac at the age of 60. [Gen 25:26]
12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL
2078 BC : (1)Reuben [Gen 29:33]
2077 BC : (2)Simeon [Gen 29:33]
2076 BC : (3)Levi [Gen 29:34]
2075 BC : (4)Judah [Gen 29:35] & (5)Dan [Gen 30:61]
2074 BC : (6)Naphtali [Gen 30:8], (7)Gad [Gen 30:11] , & (8)Issachar [Gen 30:18]
2065 BC : (9)Asher [Gen 30:13] & (10)Zebulum [Gen 30:20]
2064 BC : Dinah (girl) [Gen 30:21] & (11)Joseph [Gen 30:25]
2056 BC : Jacob’s name changed to Israel [Gen 32:28]; (12)Benjamin [Gen 35:16-19]
2047 BC : Jospeh sold into Egyptian slavery at 17 years old. [Gen 37:2]
2046 BC : Kohath born to Levi at the age of about 30. [Exo 6:18]
: Perez & Zerah born to Judah
2034 BC : Joseph made Pharoah’s visier at 30 years old; name changed to Zaphnath. [Gen 41]
2033 BC : Manasseh was born to Joseph at the age of about 31, before the years of famine. [Gen 41:50]
2028 BC : Ephraim was born to Joseph at the age of about 36, before the years of famine. [Gen 41:50]
2027 BC : Famine begins
: Hezron born to Perez
2025 BC : Israel,130 years old, moves family to Egypt [Gen 47:8-9]
2020 BC : Famine ends
2008 BC : Israel dies at 147 years old. [Gen 47:28]
1954 BC : Joseph,110 years old, dies [Gen 50: 22, 26]
1941 BC : Levi dies [Exo 6:16]
1917 BC : Joseph, all his generation & all gernerations before him died. [Exo. 1:6-7] (Next generation lives in Egypt peacefully for 30 years)
1886 BC : Israel descendants become Egyptian slaves (400 year affliction begins) [Exo: 1:1-14; Acts 7: 17]
: Ram born to Hezron
: Amram born to Kohath in Egypt
1600 BC : Satan afflicts Job
: Amminadab born to Ram
1566 BC : Moses born to Amram [Exo 1:15-19; 2:1-10; Acts 7:22]
1551 BC : Joshua born to Nun
: Nahshon born to Amminadab
1527 BC : Moses was 40 years old when he left from Egypt to Madian. [Acts 7:23]
1487 BC : Moses was 80 years old; God appeared to Moses in the burning bush [Exodus 3:2]; Moses went before Pharaoh.
1486 BC : 40 year Exodus from Egypt begins (400 year affliction ends); Moses judges Israel. Jethro advises Moses to train others to be judges. [Exodus 18] About 450 years until Samuel the prophet. [Acts 13:20]
: Salom born to Nahshon
1446 BC : Exodus ends; Moses dies at 120 years old. [Deu 31:1-1; 32:48-52; 34:7-8]; Joshua leads Israel into new land; divides land. [Josh 2:1]
JUDGES OF ISRAEL
1441 BC : Joshua dies at 110 years old. [Josh 24:29]
1439 BC : Israel delivered unto King Cushan-Rishathaim of Mesopotamia for 8 years. [Jud 3:8]
1432 BC : Othniel becomes Judge of Israel [Jud 3:9]
1392 BC : Othniel dies (judged 40 years); Israel delivered unto King Eglon of Moab for 18 years. [Jud 3:14]
1376 BC : Ehud becomes Judge of Israel [Jud 3:16-30]
: Boaz born to Salmon
1296 BC : Ehud dies (judged 80 years); Shamgar strikes down 600 Philistines with an oxgoad. [Jud 3:29]; Israel delivered unto King Jabin of Cannan for 20 years [Jud 4:1-3]
1280 BC : Deborah becomes Judge of Israel during Cannan oppression. [Jud 4:4-24]
1240 BC : Deborah dies (judged 40 years); Israel delivered unto Midian for 7 years. [Jud 5:31; 6:1]
1235 BC : Gideon becomes Judge of Israel. [Jud 6:11]
: Obed born to Boaz in the days the judges ruled. [Ruth 1:1]
1195 BC : Gideon dies (judged 40 years) [Jud 8:32]; Abimelech kills his brothers, except Jotham, & becomes Judge of Israel. [Jud 9]
1192 BC : Abimelech dies (judged 3 years); Tola becomes Judge of Israel. [Jud 9:52]
1169 BC : Tola dies (judged 23 years); Jair becomes Judge of Israel [Jud 10]
1147 BC : Jair dies (judged 22 years) [Jud 10:2-3]; Israel delivered unto Philistines & Ammonites for 18 years. [Jud 10:3-8]
: Jesse born to Obed
1131 BC : Jephthah becomes Judge of Israel. [Jud 11] 300 years Israel lived along the coast. [Judges 11:26]
1125 BC : Jephthah dies (judged 6 years); Izban becomes Judge of Israel [Jud 12:7]
1118 BC : Izban dies (judged 7 years); Elon becomes Judge of Israel. [Jud 12:8-11]
1108 BC : Elon dies (judged 10 years); Abdon becomes Judge of Israel [Jud 12:12-15]
1100 BC : Abdon dies (judged 8 years), Philistines oppress Israel 40 years; Samson born to deliver Israel [Jud 13:1; Jud 13:1-5]
1070 BC : Samson dies killing Philistines (judged 20 years) [Jud 16:29]
: There was no king in Israel, but every man did that which was right in his own eyes. [Judges 17-21]
1067 BC : Philistines take Ark of Covenant for 20 years; Eli the priest dies at age 98 (judged 40 years). [1 Samuel 4]
1047 BC : Ark is returned [1 Sam 6]; Samuel subdues the Philistines. [1 Sam 7]
KINGS OF ISRAEL
1046 BC : Samuel made his sons judges over Israel but because his sons did not follow his ways the people wanted a king to rule over them. [1 Samuel 8:1]
1045 BC : Samuel annoints Saul to reign as first king of Israel. [Jud 16:31; 1 Sam 10:1]
1040 BC : David born to Jesse
1030 BC : David kills Goliath [1 Sam 17:23]
1011 BC : Samuel dies [1 Sam 28:3]
1010 BC : David, king of Hebron at age 30, reigns over Judah [2 Samuel 2:4; 2 Samuel 2:11]
1005 BC : Saul dies (reigned 40 years) [Acts 13:21]; Ishbosheth, Saul’s son, reigns over Israel for 2 years [2 Sam 2:10]
1003 BC : Ishbosheth beheaded by Rechab and Baanah; David reigns over Israel and Judah. David reigned 7 1/2 years in Judah. [2 Samuel 4-5]
1000 BC : Solomon born to David
971 BC : Rehoboam born to Solomon
970 BC : David dies (reigned 33 years over all Israel and Judah. 40 years total.); Solomon begins reign [1 Kin 2:10-12]
966 BC : Solomon began building first Temple in his 4th year as king. 480 years after Exodus from Egypt [1 Kin 6:1]
959 BC : First Temple finished [1 Kin 6:2, 37-38]
930 BC : Solomon dies (reigned 40 years); Judah (Jerusalem) split form Israel; Rehoboam reigns Judah at 41 years old; Jeroboam reigns Israel [1 Kings 11:42-43]
914 BC : King Rehoboam (J) died at the age of 58. He reigned 17 years in Jerusalem.
913 BC : Abijam, son of King Rehoboam (J), began to reign in the 18th year of King Jeroboam I (I). [1 kings 14:31]
911 BC : King Abijam (J) died, he reigned 3 years. His son, Asa, reigned in his place in the 20th year of King Jeroboam I (I). [1 Kings 15:8-9]
910 BC : Nadab, son of King Jeroboam I (I) became co-regent with his father in the 2nd year of King Asa (J).
909 BC : King Jeroboam I (I) died. He reigned 22 years in Samaria. Nadab, his son, becomes king. [1 Kings 14:25]
908 BC : After reigning 2 years, King Nadab (I), was killed by Baasha in the 3rd year of King Asa’s (J) reign. Baasha reigned in his place. [1 Kings 15:27-28]
862 BC : King Baasha (I) died, he reigned 24 years. His son Elah reigned in his place in the 26th year of King Asa’s (J) reign. [1 Kings 16:6-8]
885 BC : King Elah (I) was killed by Zimri, commander of half his chariots; Zimri reigned 7 days then died in the fire he set to burn down the palace of King Elah. After the death of Zimri the people were divided. Half the people followed Omri (commander of the army) and half followed Tibni. So they co-ruled Israel for 4 years. [1 Kings 16:10-21]
881 BC : Tibni died and Omri became sole ruler of Israel in the 31st year of King Asa’s (J) reign. [1 Kings 16:23]
874 BC : King Omri (I), died and was buried in Samaria. He reigned 12 years, 6 years in Tirzah. Ahab, his son, reigned in his place in the 38th year in the reign of King Asa (J). He reigned over Israel from Samaria. [1 Kings 16:28]
King Ahab married Jezebel the daughter of King Ethbaal of Sidon. King Ahab served Baal and worshiped him. He set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. He made a wooden image. He did more to provoke the Lord to anger than all the kings who were before him. Elijah and Elisha were prophets of God in the days of King Ahab. Queen Jezebel massacred the prophets of the Lord. Obadiah who was in charge of King Ahab’s house rescued 100 of the Lords prophets by hiding them in caves and feeding them bread and water. Elijah challenged 450 prophets of Baal to prove who was God, the Lord or Baal. The prophets of Baal lost, and Elijah executed them by the Brook Kishon.
871 BC : King Asa (J) died. He reigned 41 years in Jerusalem. His son, Jehoshaphat, reigned in his place in the 4th year of King Ahab (I). [1 Kings 15:24]
854 BC : Ahaziah, son of King Ahab (I), became regent in the 17th year of King Jehoshaphat (J). Joram (J), became regent of Judah. [1 Kings 22:40]
: Elijah was taken by a whirlwind. [2 Kings 2:11]
853 BC : Jehoram, King Ahab’s (I) son, became regent in the 2nd year of Joram’s (J) regency, in the 18th year of King Jehoshaphat (J). Ahaziah (I), son of King Ahab, died when he fell through the lattice of his upper room. He was regent for 2 years. Three years has passed without war between Israel and Syria. In the 3rd year, King Jehoshaphat went to visit King Ahab. Ahab (I) decided he wanted the city of Ramoth in Gilead back from the Syrians and asked Jehoshaphat to join him in the battle. Ahab was told by Micaiah that he would not return and so was killed in battle by the Syrians in the 22nd year of his reign. Jehoram, his son, became king of Israel in the 18th year of King Jehoshaphat, the 2nd year of Joram’s (J) regency. [2 Kings 3]
847 BC : King Jehoshaphat (J) died at the age of 60. He reigned 25 years. His son Joram, age 32, became king in his place in the 5th year of King Jehoram (I). [1 Kings 22:50]
841 BC : Ahaziah, age 20, son of King Joram (J) became regent with his father in the 11th year of King Jehoram (I). The Lord struck King Joram (J) with an incurable intestinal disease. This was a prophecy given by Elijah.
840 BC : King Joram (J), age 40, died in severe pain as his intestines came out because of his disease. His son, Ahaziah, reigned in his place in the 12th year of King Jehoram (I). King Ahaziah (J) and King Jehoram (I) were killed in battle by Jehu. Jehu anointed as King by Elijah. [2 Kings 9] When she heard of the death of her son King Ahaziah (J), Athaliah assumed the throne of Judah and killed all the royal heirs… except one. Joash, about 1 year old, was hidden in the Temple by King Ahaziah’s sister, Jehosheba, and Jehoiada the priest. [2 Kings 8:24]
835 BC : Queen Athaliah (J) was executed by the Temple guard. She reigned 6 years. Joash, age 7, was crowned king of Judah in the 7th year of King Jehu (I). [2 Kings 10:21]
821 BC : Prince Amaziah was born to King Joash of Judah and his wife Jehoaddan.
813 BC : King Jehu died. He reigned 28 years in Samaria. His son, Jehoahaz, reigned in his place in the 23rd year of King Joram. [2 Kings 10:35]
799 BC : Jehoash, son of King Jehoahaz (I), became regent, in the 37 year of King Joash (J).
797 BC : King Jehoahaz (I) died. He reigned 17 years. His son Jehoash became king in his place. [2 Kings 13:9-10]
796 BC : King Joash (J) was murdered in his bed at the age of 47 by Jozachar and Jehozabad his servants. He reigned 40 years. His son Amaziah began to reign in his place in the 2nd year of King Jehoash (I). [2 Kings 12:21]
793 BC : Jeroboam II, son of King Jehoash (I), became regent of Israel.
782 BC : King Jehoash (I) died. He reigned 16 years. His son, Jeroboam II, began to reign as king in his place in the 15th year of King Amaziah (J). [2 Kings 13:16]
780 BC : Azariah (Uzziah), son of King Amaziah (J), became regent of Judah.
769 BC : Jonah and the whale
768 BC : King Amaziah (J) died at the age of 54. He reigned 29 years. His son Azariah (Uzziah), age 16, became king in his place in the 27th year of King Jeroboam II (I). [2 Kings 14:21] Amos was prophet of God during the reigns of King Uzziah (J) and the reign of King Jeroboam II (I) The words of Amos, who was among the herdsmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Jehoash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
742 BC : King Jeroboam II (I) died. He reigned 41 years. His son Zechariah reigned as king in his place in the 38th year of King Azariah (Uzziah) (J). [2 Kings 14:29]
741 BC : King Zechariah was killed by Shallum, son of Jabesh, in the 39th year of King Uzziah (J). Shallum assumed the throne of Israel. King Shallum murdered by Menahem in the 39th year of King Uzziah (J). He had reigned a full month in Samaria. Menahem reigned on the throne of Israel in Shallum’s place. [2 Kings 15:13]
731 BC : King Menahem (I), died. He reigned 10 years in Samaria. King Uzziah tried to offer incense in the Temple of God and was struck by God with leprosy. His son Jotham became co-regent. [2 Kings 15:17]
730 BC : Pekahiah, son of King Menahem (I), became king in the 50th year of King Uzziah (J). [2 Kings 15:27]
729 BC : King Pekahiah (I) was killed by Pekah, son of Remaliah. He had reigned 2 years in Samaria.
728 BC : Pekah became king of Israel in the 52nd year of King Uzziah (J). King Uzziah (J) died at the age of 68. He reigned 52 years.
727 BC : Jotham, son of King Uzziah (J), age 25, became king in the 2nd year of King Pekah. [2 Kings 15:7]
713 BC : At age 20, Ahaz, son of King Jotham, became regent of Judah in the 17th year of King Pekah (I). [2 Kings 15:38]
709 BC : King Jotham (J) died. He reigned 20 years, 4 as co-regent. King Pekah (I) killed by Hoshea, he had reigned 20 years. Hoshea (I) became king in the 20th year of King Jotham (J). [2 Kings 17:1]
707 BC : Hezekiah, son of King Ahaz (J), became regent 3rd year of Hoshea.
703 BC : King Shalmaneser V of Assyria came and besieged Jerusalem in the 4th year of Hezekiah, which is the 7th year of King Hoshea. King Shalmaneser V died and was replaced by Sargon II. The empires of Ancient Assyria and Babylon are now modern Iraq.
701 BC : The Assyrian Captivity of the 10 Tribes of Israel; King Hoshea (I), and the 10 tribes of Israel in Samaria, were captured and taken to Assyria by Sargon II in the 9th year of Hoshea, which was the 6th year of Hezekiah.
698 BC : King Ahaz (J) died at age 36. He reigned 16 years. Hezekiah, age 25, son of King Ahaz (J) became king. [2 Kings 16:20]
692 BC : King Hezekiah became sick and near death in the 14th year of his reign. The Lord healed him and added 15 years to his life. [2 Kings 20]
691 BC : Manasseh (J), age 12, son of King Hezekiah (J) became regent of Judah.
679 BC : King Hezekiah (J) died at age 54. His son, Manasseh reigned in his place. The Prophet Nahum prophesied during the reign of King Manasseh. [2 Kings 20:21]
637 BC : King Manasseh (J) died at the age of 66. He reigned 54 years. Then his son Amon, age 22, became king. [2 Kings 21:18]
636 BC : King Amon (J) died at age 24. He reigned 1 year. His son Josiah, age 8, became king in his place. The Prophets Zephaniah and Jeremiah prophesied during the reign of King Josiah. [2 Kings 21:26]
623 BC : The Word of the Lord came to the Prophet Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah the priest, in the 13th year of King Josiah.
605 BC : King Nebuchadnezzar becomes king in Babylon. (“Head of Gold” in Daniel 2) 605 BC-562 BC
King Josiah (J) is killed at Megiddo by Pharaoh Necho II. He reigned 31 years. Jehoahaz, son of King Josiah, at the age of 23 was made king of Judah by the people. Jeremiah prophesied during the reign of King Jehoahaz. Pharaoh Necho II made Eliakim, age 25, son of King Josiah (J) king, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. He became a vassal of King Nebuchadnezzar. Jeremiah, Daniel, and Habakkuk prophesied during the reign of King Jehoiakim. King Jehoahaz was taken to Egypt by Pharaoh Necho II and he died there. [2 Kin 23:29-34]
603 BC : In the 3rd year of King Jehoiakim, having been a vassal of King Nebuchadnezzar for 3 years, he rebelled. In the 2nd year of his reign, King Nebuchadnezzar came to Jerusalem and besieged it. he carried away some of the articles of the Temple and placed them in the temple of his god. Then he instructed Ashpenaz, master of his eunuchs, to bring some of the children of Israel and some of the king’s descendants and some of the nobles, young men in whom there was no blemish, but good-looking, gifted in all wisdom, possessing knowledge and quick to understand, who had ability to serve in the king’s palace, and whom they might teach the language and literature of the Chaldeans. Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah went to Babylon at this time and Babylonian names were given them… Belteshazzar, Shadrach, Meshach, Abed Nego. These are the first people to be carried into captivity. [Dan 1:1-6]
: Shealtiel born to Jehoiakim.
597 BC : King Jehoiakim, age 36, was taken captive to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar. His son, Jehoiachin age 18, became king in his place. King Jehoiachin (J) reigned 3 months and 10 days, then King Nebuchadnezzar (8th year of his reign) took him, his mother, his wives, his servants, his princes, and his officers captive to Babylon. Jeremiah, Daniel & Ezekiel prophesied during the reign of King Jehoiachin. King Nebuchadnezzar made Mattaniah, brother to Jehoiakim (and Jehoiachin’s uncle), king in his place. He changed his name to Zedekiah. Jeremiah, Daniel, & Ezekiel prophesy during the reign of King Zedekiah. [2 Kin 24:12-17]
588 BC : In the 17th year of his reign, King Nebuchadnezzar and all his army came against Jerusalem and camped against it. They built a siege wall all around Jerusalem. Jerusalem was besieged until the 11th year of King Zedekiah. This was the 9th year, 10 month, 10th day of King Zedekiah’s reign. [2 Kin 25:1-2; Eze 24:1]
586 BC : First Temple destroyed by Babylonian Empire; King Nebuchadnezzar. (70 years of captivity begins) [2 Kin 25:8-9]
572 BC : Ezekiel prophecied that God would gather his people from the countries and bring them to their own land. [Ezekiel 34:13]
PERSIAN EMPIRE (“Inferior Kingdom” Daniel 2)
539 BC : Persian Empire defeats Babylonians; King Cyrus I; decree to return & rebuild Temple. [2Chron 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-3; Ezra 5:13-14; Ezra 6:3] 600 BC or 576–529 BC
535 BC : Work on the Temple in Jerusalem begins, and is stopped.
530 BC : King Cambyus begins to reign in Persia (Iran). 530 BC–522 BC
521 BC : King Darius I begins to reign in Persia. 522 BC to 486 BC; Daniel receives 70 week prophecy:
“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” [Daniel 9:24-27] 1 week=7 years
520 BC : In the 2nd year of King Darius, in the 6th month, on the 1st day of the month, while the wealthier members of the Jews were busily building nice homes for themselves, they made no effort at all to pursue the task of rebuilding the temple of the Lord. Haggai was directed by the Lord to stir up the people of Judah and Jerusalem to start building on the foundation. The prophets of God are Haggai and Zechariah. Zechariah was murdered by the Jewish religious leaders between the temple and the altar. In the 2nd year of King Darius I, on the 24th day of the 6th month, the Jewish governor Zerubbabel (son of Shealtiel), and the high priest Jeshua, along with the rank and file of the people, began to rebuild the 2nd temple on the foundation that was laid 16 years before. [Haggai 1:3-4; Haggai 1:15]
: Abiud born to Zerubbabel
516 BC : End of 70 year captivity; Second Temple complete. [Ezra 6:15]
486 BC : King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) reigns in Persia. 485–465 BC
: Eliakim born to Abiud
479 BC : Esther was presented to King Ahasuerus and selected as his queen in the 10th month of the 7th year of his reign. [Est 2:16]
473 BC : King Ahasuerus of Persia died. Artaxerxes I reigned in his place. 465 BC to 424 BC
456 BC : In the 20th year of King Artaxerxes I, Nehemiah was made governor of Jerusalem and allowed to return and rebuild the city. [Neh 5:14]
“Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince (not His death) shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.” [Daniel 9:25] From this date, there are 483 years until Messiah (7 weeks=49 years to rebuild Jerusalem. 62 weeks=434 years til Messiah the Prince=Jesus; total 483 years) [Daniel’s 70 weeks]
: Azor born to Eliakim
GRECIAN EMPIRE (“Brass Kingdom” Bronze age Daniel 2)
332 BC : Alexander the Great defeated the Persians and ended the Persian rule of Palestine. (Daniel 8, “The He Goat”) 336-323 BC
331 BC : Alexander conquered Babylon.
323 BC : Alexander came down with a fever and died in Babylon. He was 32 years old and had no heirs. His kingdom was divided by his four generals. The two most important being: Seleucus (Syria), and Ptolemy I (Egypt). [Daniel 8:8]
: Zadok born to Azor
: Akim born to Zadok
: Eliud born to Akim
: Eleazar born to Eliud
175 BC : King Antiochus IV Epiphanes of Syria was a cruel, Jew-hating king who began his occupation of Jerusalem on this date. “Antiochus IV Epiphanes vehemently hated the Jews. He was determined to exterminate them and their religion. He devastated Jerusalem. He forbade circumcision on pain of death, sold thousands of Jewish families into slavery, destroyed all copies of Scripture that could be found, and slaughtered everyone discovered in possession of such copies, and resorted to every conceivable torture to force Jews to renounce their religion. All this led to the Macabean revolt, one of the most heroic feats in history.” King Antiochus IV Epiphanes desecrated the Temple when he sacrificed a sow on the Temple altar. (Daniel 8:9, “The Little Horn”) 175 BC to 164 BC
165 BC : Judas Maccabee and his followers recaptured Jerusalem, and the Syrian occupation ended. (Maccabean Revolt)
: Matthan born to Eleazar
: Jacob born to Matthan
ROMAN EMPIRE (“Iron Kingdom” Iron age Daniel 2)
63 BC : Palestine was conquered by the Roman General Pompey. Antipater, an Idumean (Edomite, descendant of Esau) was appointed ruler of Judea.
44 BC : On the Ides of March, Julius Caesar, age 55, reigned 49 BC- 44 BC, was assassinated outside the Senate Building in Rome. Augustus (Octavian) Caesar, becomes Emperor of Rome. 27 BC–14 BC
: Joseph born to Jacob
37 BC : Antipater died. He was succeeded by his son, Herod the Great who was appointed governor of Judea by Julius Caesar.
20 BC : King Herod the Great expands Second Temple.
4 BC : Jesus born to Mary & Joseph in Bethlehem. His cousin John the Baptist was born 6 months before Him. [Matt 1:22; 13:55-56; Acts 1:13-14; Luke 1:13, 26-36]
King Herod the Great died in severe agony. King Herod’s kingdom was divided among his 3 sons: Herod Antipas was given Galilee and Peraea (east of Jordan). Herod Philippos received Gaulanitis, Trachonitis, Batanaea, and Panias. Herod Archelaus was made Tetrarch of Judea, Samaria, and Idumaea.
Emporer Augustus Caesar issued a decree that everyone in Israel should be registered. [Luke 2:1]
9 AD : Mary & Joseph find Jesus, age 12, sitting in the Temple. He listened to and instructed the teachers.
12 AD : Augustus Caesar died of natural causes at the age of 75. He was succeeded by Tiberius Claudius Nero.
26 AD : Pontius Pilate is governor of Judea
27 AD : In the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar, John the Baptist began his ministries. Jesus begins his ministry about 30 years of age. Sometime during his first year, John the Baptist was beheaded by King Herod Antipas at the request of his daughter Salome. [Luke 3:1, 23] (“….unto the Messiah the Prince“=62 weeks. Jesus’ disciples finally knew him as the Messiah. This is 434 years since Jerusalem was rebuilt. The final week begins.)
30 AD : LAST WEEK OF JESUS’ LIFE
Six days before Passover Jesus went to Bethany and visited Martha and Mary. [John 12:1]
The next day, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey. A great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: “Hosanna! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ The King of Israel!” [Joh 12:12]
Jesus reminded his disciples that in two days He would be delivered up to be crucified. [Matt 26:2]
The chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people assembled at the palace of Caiaphas the high priest and plotted to take Jesus by trickery and kill him. But they said, “Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar among the people.” [Mat 26:3-5]
Jesus left the Temple and taught His disciples. [Mar 13:1-36]
When Jesus was in Bethany at the house of Simon the leper, a woman came to Him having an alabaster flask of very costly fragrant oil, and poured it on His head as he sat at the table. Judas was upset at the waste of money and went to the chief priests and asked what they would give him to betray Jesus to them. They counted out 30 pieces of silver. From that time on he sought an opportunity to betray Him. [Mat 26:6-16]
Just after sunset Jesus ate the Passover with His disciples. Judas leaves at sometime during the meal to betray Him. Peter is told by Jesus that before the rooster crows twice he will deny he even knows Him three times. Then Jesus and His 11 remaining disciples go across the Brook Kidron to the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mt. of Olives to pray. [Mat 26:20; Mar 14:17; Luke 22:14; John 13:1; 18:1]
Judas having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came to the Garden of Gethsemane with lanterns, torches, swords, and clubs. Judas pointed Jesus out to them saying, “Rabbi, Rabbi,” then kissing Him. Peter drew his sword and cut off the right ear of Malchus, the servant of Caiaphas the high priest. Jesus scolded Peter and healed Malchus. Then the detachment of troops, and the captain, and the officers of the Jews bound and arrested Jesus, and led him first to the house of Annas (father-in-law of Caiaphas). The disciples forsook Jesus and fled, but Peter and John followed Him. John had a linen cloth around his naked body. And the young men laid hold of John and he left the linen cloth and fled from them naked. [Mark 14:43-45, 51-52; John 18:10-13]
Very early in the morning, the chief priests and elders bound Jesus and led Him from Caiaphas’ palace to Pontius Pilate (governor of Judea) at the Praetorium. When Pilate learned that Jesus was from Galilee, he told the Jews this was not his problem and sent Him bound to King Herod Antipas. Herod wanted to see Jesus perform a miracle but Jesus would not comply nor even open His mouth to answer him. Herod and his soldiers, treated Jesus with contempt. They put on Him a gorgeous robe, and mocked Him. Then, as Herod found no fault in Jesus, he sent Him back to Pilate.
After speaking to Him, Pontius Pilate told the Jewish religious leaders he found no fault in Jesus worthy of death. He proposed to chastise Him and release Him. He reminded them of the custom of releasing one prisoner each Passover. The chief priests and elder persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabas, a convicted insurrectionist and murderer, instead of Jesus. When Pilate asked what they wanted him to do with Jesus they said, “Away with Him,” “Crucify Him!” Pilate released Barabas and sent Jesus into the Praetorium.
The soldiers gathered the whole garrison around Him. They striped Him and put a scarlet and purple robe on Him. They then twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a reed in His right hand. They bowed before Him and mocked saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” Then they spat on Him, took the reed and beat Him on the head with it. Afterward they removed the robe and put His own clothes back on Him and led Him out to be crucified. Simon, a Cyrenian, was told to carry Jesus’ cross. When Peter denied Jesus for the third time… the rooster crowed. Judas tried to return the 30 pieces of silver he’d gotten from the chief priests for betraying Jesus. They refused to take it back so he threw it on the floor of the Temple and went out and hung himself on a tree. [Matt 27:3-5; Acts 1:18]
Jesus crucified on a cross on Golgotha.[Mat 26:20; Mar 14:17; Luke 22:14; John 13:1; 18:1] Now from 6th hour until the 9th hour there was darkness over all the land. [Matt 26:45]
About the 9th hour Jesus cried out, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” (My God, My God, Why have You forsaken Me?) He was offered some sour wine on a sponge to drink and He refused it. He then cried out again in a loud voice and yielded up His spirit. The sun was darkened and the Temple veil was torn in two from top to bottom. There was an earthquake, rocks and graves were split open. [“And after 62 weeks (during the 63rd, final, week) Messiah shall be cut off (killed), but not for Himself (but for mankind)…” Dan 9:26. “And he (Jesus) shall confirm the (not a) covenant with many for one week (7 years): and in the midst of the week (3 1/2 years Jesus ministered (confirmed) the covenant (promise) that he will return) he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease (His death ended sacrifices for sins), and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” There are 3 1/2 years left of the 70 weeks which are mentioned in the book of Revelation. Nowhere is a 7 year tribulation mentioned in the bible.]
When evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if he had been dead for some time. Then he released Jesus’ body to Joseph. Joseph bought fine linen, took Jesus down from the cross, wrapped Him in the linen and laid Him in the tomb and rolled a stone against the door.
The Resurrection of Jesus Christ
On the 1st day of the week, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark. Mary (Jesus mother) arrived at the tomb when the sun had risen. The angel told the women that Jesus was not here, that he has risen, and to go tell the disciples. [Mark 16: 1-2; John 20:1]
Mary Magdalene looked into the tomb and saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. She turned around and saw a man standing there whom she did not recognize until He spoke to her, then she knew it was Jesus.
Jesus appeared a second time as the women were going to tell the disciples about Jesus’ resurrection.
Peter and John returned to the tomb. Peter looked into the tomb and saw that Jesus was indeed gone. They returned to their homes and mourned Him as they did not yet understand what they had been told of the resurrection.
Two disciples (one named Cleopas) while walking to Emmaus (7 miles from Jerusalem) Jesus appeared to them, but they did not know Him. Jesus walked with them and told them of all the prophecy concerning Himself. Then, while Jesus sat and ate with them, He broke bread and blessed it, and their eyes were opened and they knew who He was. Then Jesus disappeared from their sight. These two returned to Jerusalem to the house where the disciples were and told them of the incident.
Eight days later, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst. He showed His hands and His side to doubting Thomas as proof of who He was. Then He ate with them. Jesus appeared to many for 40 days.
Jesus was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, who also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven.” [Acts 1:8-11]
Day of Pentecost
When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they (the 11 disciples, Jesus’ mother Mary, and His brothers) were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. [Acts 2:1-4]
Matthias was chosen to replace Judas Iscariot as the 12th Apostle. [Acts 1:26]
36 AD : Saul is converted and name changed to Paul.
37 AD : It was at Antioch that the disciples were first called Christians. [Acts 11:25-27]
64 AD : “The Great Fire of Rome” was held responsible by Nero but to diffuse blame, he targeted and blamed the Christians.
70 AD : Second Temple destroyed by Romans, Titus, in the first Jewish-Roman War. […and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood (scattering), and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Daniel 9:26 (70 weeks) Titus was a military commander; and a prince of emperor Vespasian.]
95 AD : Apostle John banished to Patmos (wrote Revelation)
100 AD : Bible is completed.
688 AD : Dome on the Rock (Islamic Temple) building began on Temple Mount. (1260 years after Ezekiel prophecy)
1948 AD : Israel becomes a nation again. [Ezekiel 34:13] (1260 years after Dome on the Rock began building)
FUTURE : Final 3 1/2 years, the Tribulation. [Revelation]